[ti:More Americans on Special Diets for Health Reasons]
[00:00.04]More Americans say they are on a special diet
[00:04.88]compared with Americans about 10 years ago.
[00:09.48]That information comes from a report released this week
[00:14.56]by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC.
[00:21.92]The increased dieting comes at a time when obesity levels continue to rise.
[00:29.76]The CDC report found that 17 percent of Americans
[00:35.48]said they were on diets in 2017-2018
[00:40.76]— up from 14 percent about 10 years earlier.
[00:45.76]Over the same period, obesity levels increased
[00:50.72]in the U.S. to 42 percent — up from 34 percent.
[00:56.96]Dana Hunnes is a professor of public health and nutrition
[01:02.28]at the University of California, Los Angeles.
[01:06.52]Hunnes said that the number of Americans
[01:09.84]who said that they are on a diet is lower than expected.
[01:15.04]This is because diet-related diseases are very common in the country.
[01:21.52]The report noted that about half of American adults
[01:25.56]have diet-related health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease.
[01:32.00]Overall, more women reported being on a diet than men.
[01:37.56]The heavier and more educated people were,
[01:41.08]the more likely they were to report being on a special diet, the study found.
[01:47.52]Between 2007 and 2008, and 2017 and 2018,
[01:56.00]diets described as "weight loss or low calorie" grew in popularity.
[02:02.64]Low-carbohydrate diets became more popular,
[02:06.72]while low-fat and low-cholesterol diets became less popular.
[02:12.92]The findings were part of an ongoing national survey.
[02:17.52]People who took part in the survey were asked the following question:
[02:23.08]"Are you currently on any kind of diet,
[02:26.60]either to lose weight or for some other health-related reason?"
[02:31.92]Becky Ramsing is a dietician and program officer
[02:36.76]at Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future.
[02:40.80]Ramsing said that people make very different kinds of choices
[02:46.08]in the hopes of losing weight.
[02:48.40]In some cases, she said people might not understand
[02:53.88]why the choices they make do not help them lose weight.
[02:58.72]"They won't eat bread, but then they'll go eat a lot of other things
[03:04.20]that are higher in calories," she said.
[03:07.76]Ramsing added that many American diet trends ban some foods.
[03:13.88]But to make lasting changes,
[03:16.64]she said people should consider their eating overall.
[03:20.92]That will help them deal with another problem of diets, she noted.
[03:26.28]Diets are hard to continue doing over time.
[03:30.52]I'm John Russell.