[ti:Job and Career]
[00:01.88]Today we answer a question from Soheila in Iran.
[00:09.00]What's the difference between job,
[00:11.92]occupation, career and profession? – Soheila, Iran
[00:18.48]Thank you for asking this question.
[00:21.92]The four words you named have small differences.
[00:26.16]I will start with "job," the simplest of the words.
[00:30.96]A "job" is work people do, usually for money.
[00:35.08]It can mean work a person does for a single employer.
[00:40.56]That work might last for years
[00:43.44]or a much shorter period, as in this example.
[00:48.36]The shortest job I have ever had lasted three weeks.
[00:53.20]We may also use the word "job"
[00:55.48]to talk about unpaid work, as in housework:
[01:00.28]Mother said, "Cleaning your room is your most important job today."
[01:05.52]The word "occupation" is more general,
[01:08.24]and means the kind of work a person does.
[01:13.36]I left my previous occupation to be a professional artist.
[01:19.44]We also use "occupation" to talk about things people enjoy
[01:23.28]spending a lot of time doing, as in this example:
[01:28.56]Hai's favorite occupation is playing tennis.
[01:32.60]But note that this use of the word has become less common over time.
[01:38.36]A "career" is what people do over a longer period of time.
[01:43.52]We use the word "career" to talk about a series of jobs
[01:47.60]over a person's lifetime.
[01:50.68]Some people plan a career while others simply try for better jobs.
[01:57.00]You can also use "career" to talk about what someone does in school,
[02:01.32]the military or performing arts.
[02:05.36]General George Patton had many victories in his military career.
[02:11.00]A "career" depends on your goals
[02:13.28]and the path you want to take through your working life.
[02:17.84]It does not always require that you have special training.
[02:21.92]However, a "profession" is a kind of occupation
[02:26.16]that requires special training, knowledge or skills.
[02:32.04]For some occupations, you must successfully complete a study program
[02:37.16]at a college or university.
[02:40.40]Or you must pass a test and practice in your field of expertise
[02:45.48]for some time before you can become a professional.
[02:50.08]Here are two examples:
[02:52.44]Magazines can be about any profession like medicine, law,
[02:57.44]engineering, teaching and so on.
[03:01.52]I have spent years learning my profession and I will not quit easily.
[03:07.76]Finally, let us compare all four words in Soheila's question:
[03:13.96]A job is work you do, sometimes for pay.
[03:17.68]An occupation is something you spend your time on.
[03:23.00]A career is the path you follow through your working life.
[03:28.36]A profession is a career that requires special knowledge or skills.
[03:34.84]I hope this helps to answer the question.
[03:37.56]And that's Ask a Teacher.
[03:40.40]What question do you have about American English?
[03:43.76]Send us an email at email@example.com
[03:49.84]I'm Jill Robbins. 更多听力请访问51VOA.COM